An important task of any education is the formation of such competencies as civil responsibility and legal consciousness, spirituality and culture, initiative and independence, tolerance, the ability to successfully socialize in society among the students. As a rule, competence means a range of issues in which a person has the necessary knowledge and experience. This is a set of interrelated qualities of the individual (understanding, skills, etc.). One of the most basic qualities of a person within the framework of the vital and meaningful competencies among all students living in a dorm is the student’s self-dependence which determines the active life position.
The approach in the education emphasizes the formation of the students’ character traits, providing them with the opportunity to develop their personality while giving some opportunities for the successful socialization. The educator can promote the development of such sustainability if he or she has the methods of the pedagogical support for the growth of an independent personality, among which there may be:
- the method of self-assessment (adequate estimation of all goals, means of activity);
- the method of self-organization (independent planning of the regime of the day, nutrition, physical and intellectual loads, sleep, rest, compiling and observing the daily routine, keeping a daily schedule of the necessary matters, etc.).
The residential groups in all dorms are largely formed by the adolescents from the rural areas. A sharp change of the living conditions and social environment is often disastrous for a person who was not prepared for that. One cannot ignore the fact that the separation of a teenager from his or her family often causes complex psychological states characterized by nervousness, capriciousness and gloominess. Therefore, the task of the educator is to create a comfortable psychological atmosphere in the dormitory.
The Basics of a Positive Atmosphere in the Hall of Residence:
- providing each student with the conditions for the optimal emotional and cognitive existence;
- confidential communication, a position of cooperation in relation to the student;
- giving each student the right to freedom in behavior and activities;
- the principle of ensuring the success of the student in the organized activities.
From the first days of living in the dorm, there begins the formation of the adolescent skills and habits which promote the responsible fulfillment of all duties. At the general meeting, all students get acquainted with the normative documents: the rules of residence, the regime of the day, the responsibility for any violation of the rules of residence, the requirements for the behavior in the evening and at night, instructions for compliance with fire safety. Each student is explained that following the basic rules is not only a guarantee of health, but also a necessary condition for the successful studying.
The systematic monitoring of the observance of the day’s schedule of all students, the increased attention of the educator to any kind of violations, remarks from the elders – all of these forms the necessary degree of responsibility, organization, carefulness and diligence. These are facilitated not in order to start a war with the young adults, but to discipline them properly. It is achieved not with the help of some strict training and dictatorship, but with the help of their creative work and communication. Both calmness and friendliness act stronger than any strict requirements.
Education requires a certain degree of self-discipline which also involves careful attitude to all property, its effective and economical use. It is necessary to teach students and observe their behavior to each object and to the work of other students. Moreover, it is crucial to respect this work and to protect their results.
Self-Service as the Main Type of the Students’ Activity
The self-service organization deserves a special place in the upbringing of the students as it helps to form a habit of having some respect to any kind of property. In the process of the self-service teaching, a new life in the dormitory can develop the sense of ownership and the important basis of business and moral relations, including mutual assistance and control over one’s own demands.
It is important to create a clear system of labor education in the dormitory. A number of conditions are necessary for its successful functioning:
- friendly attitude towards those living in the dormitory;
- nurturing the students’ readiness to perceive the influence of the educator and to react properly to them;
- universality and compulsory labor for everyone living in the dorm;
- the variety of kinds of the methods and forms of the labor organization; achieving the understanding of all pupils that in the life of any person there are not only pleasantries and easy tasks, but also duties.
It would seem that the young people (upon reaching the age of 15) must learn the simplest skills and notions of the working process. However, in practice, one has to face the fact that adolescents are not accustomed to some elementary things: they cannot keep their personal belongings neat and proper, observe hygiene and maintain cleanliness and order in their own room, they cannot cook substantial meals, etc. Of course, these are the results of the social situation that was observed during the student’s development: selfishness, spoiling of some teenagers by the parents, the absence of any chores and life orientations, the unfavorable situation in the parents’ home. All of these factors often cause conflict situations in the rooms. Therefore, all freshmen need to know that the basis for any sort of mutual coexistence is respect and cooperation.
From the first days of their stay at the hall of residence, some chores are already well defined in order to keep everything intact. As such, the duties of the cleaning manager are clearly stated and the schedule of the general room tidying is fixed. There is also a plan for the process of cleaning of the dorm’s adjacent territory during autumn and spring. Occasionally, there may be raids during which the superiors will check the sanitary condition of the rooms and the safety of the property. A great deal in the clear organization of this work belongs to the household sector of the dormitory council.
What is more, it is very important to visit all events and discussions. Sometimes, there may be social gatherings where everyone would talk about their usual timetables; there may be a competition for the best room, the organization of proper nutrition. Some students may share their tips and tricks on how to achieve the well-formed implementation of the regime of the day. Other events may include the general cleaning, duty fairs or the organization of the repair teams.
A Comfortable Atmosphere Is Formed Due to the Certain Circumstances:
- an established friendly team living in the dormitory;
- a fairly wide range of activities that provide everyone with an interesting and creative task.
When the dorm council settles students in the rooms, it is necessary to take into account their individual characteristics (their social status, age, skills and training, interests, hobbies, etc.). The task of the educator is to study the personalities of the students, their needs, activity preferences and everything else that may be the cause of any future arguments and misunderstandings.
More often than not, all students choose the type of activity consciously. Thus, extra attention should be paid to this factor.
There Are Many Opportunities Waiting for You:
- if you prefer recreational activities – attend sports clubs;
- if you are artistic – you can create congratulatory cards, issue thematic newspapers;
- if you are into organizational work – participate in the preparation of activities;
- if you are a communicative person – participate in various discussions;
- if you are a public individual – strive to reveal your leadership qualities in the operations of the dormitory council.
A good indicator of the formation of some vital competences is the students’ visit to the meetings of a special group, the goal of which is to promote the social skills among all young adults, the organization of the interaction with the partners of the college, the inclusion of students in various aspects of useful activities and so on.
Over the recent years, orphaned children have become the rather frequent residents of the student dormitories. This, in turn, became one of the main directions in the implementation of the program for the better socialization and adaptation of these orphans living in the dorm. This category of freshmen has many potential problems – financial, psychological and social. Financial issues manifest when they live in the student dorm with other kids from normal families, and they make an attempt to organize their life while not knowing how to manage their money. Psychological difficulties show in their lack of some personal qualities that constitute his or her strong will. Hence, orphans may need to make an effort to sustain a normal level of communication with others. They may have no goals in life and some can display distrust towards the adults. Such children do not have a positive example because they were not brought up in the full family. Many of the orphaned students are prone to conflicts while being rather aggressive as they do not know how to find solutions to their problems. For many of them, their health status requires intervention by the health professionals. The task of the dorm educator is to help these young adults adapt to the life in the team of other students, make them happy and give them a chance to become independent in life.